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카테고리 없음2009. 11. 29. 18:10
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911 테러발생 3개월뒤인 지난 2001년 12월 미군이 아프카니스탄 산악지대에서 오사마 빈 라덴을 잡을 수 있었지만
놓쳤다고 미 상원보고서 '토라보라' 리포트가 지적했습니다

워싱턴 포스트와 뉴욕타임스등은 미군이 지난 2001년 12월 아프칸과 파키스탄접경지대의 토라 보라에 은신중인
빈 라덴을 거의 손안에 넣었지만 [WITHIN OUR GRASP] 빈 라덴 추적대신 반군소탕에 주력하는 오판을 범함으로써
빈 라덴을 놓쳤다고 오늘 보도했습니다

이 보고서는 내일자로 발간될 상원 외교위원회 보고서로 '우리는 왜 빈 라덴을 놓쳤으며 그것이 지금 왜
문제가 되는가'라는 제목으로 일명 토라보라 보고서로 불립니다
이 보고서에는 공군 델타포스와 CIA의 작전내용, CIA의 자금지원을 받은 아프칸 민병대의 작전내용등이
상세히 기록돼 있습니다 

아래는 워싱턴 포스트 기사이며 토라보라 보고서 원문을 첨부합니다

Senate report: Bin Laden was 'within our grasp'

By CALVIN WOODWARD
The Associated Press
Saturday, November 28, 2009 11:33 PM

WASHINGTON -- Osama bin Laden was unquestionably within reach of U.S. troops in the mountains of Tora Bora when American military leaders made the crucial and costly decision not to pursue the terrorist leader with massive force, a Senate report says.

The report asserts that the failure to kill or capture bin Laden at his most vulnerable in December 2001 has had lasting consequences beyond the fate of one man. Bin Laden's escape laid the foundation for today's reinvigorated Afghan insurgency and inflamed the internal strife now endangering Pakistan, it says.

Staff members for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee's Democratic majority prepared the report at the request of the chairman, Sen. John Kerry, as President Barack Obama prepares to boost U.S. troops in Afghanistan.

The Massachusetts senator and 2004 Democratic presidential candidate has long argued the Bush administration missed a chance to get the al-Qaida leader and top deputies when they were holed up in the forbidding mountainous area of eastern Afghanistan only three months after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

Although limited to a review of military operations eight years old, the report could also be read as a cautionary note for those resisting an increased troop presence there now.

More pointedly, it seeks to affix a measure of blame for the state of the war today on military leaders under former president George W. Bush, specifically Donald H. Rumsfeld as defense secretary and his top military commander, Tommy Franks.

"Removing the al-Qaida leader from the battlefield eight years ago would not have eliminated the worldwide extremist threat," the report says. "But the decisions that opened the door for his escape to Pakistan allowed bin Laden to emerge as a potent symbolic figure who continues to attract a steady flow of money and inspire fanatics worldwide. The failure to finish the job represents a lost opportunity that forever altered the course of the conflict in Afghanistan and the future of international terrorism."

The report states categorically that bin Laden was hiding in Tora Bora when the U.S. had the means to mount a rapid assault with several thousand troops at least. It says that a review of existing literature, unclassified government records and interviews with central participants "removes any lingering doubts and makes it clear that Osama bin Laden was within our grasp at Tora Bora."

On or about Dec. 16, 2001, bin Laden and bodyguards "walked unmolested out of Tora Bora and disappeared into Pakistan's unregulated tribal area," where he is still believed to be based, the report says.

Instead of a massive attack, fewer than 100 U.S. commandos, working with Afghan militias, tried to capitalize on air strikes and track down their prey.

"The vast array of American military power, from sniper teams to the most mobile divisions of the Marine Corps and the Army, was kept on the sidelines," the report said.

At the time, Rumsfeld expressed concern that a large U.S. troop presence might fuel a backlash and he and some others said the evidence was not conclusive about bin Laden's location.


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