태터데스크 관리자

도움말
닫기
적용하기   첫페이지 만들기

태터데스크 메시지

저장하였습니다.

카테고리 없음2011. 3. 3. 14:17
Loading

한스 크리스텐슨 미핵무기 전문가는 '한국이 전술핵무기 재배치를 공식요구한다면 미국이 응할 것'이라는 개리 세모어 미국 대량살상무기 정책조정관의 발언에 대해 한반도에 긴장이 고조되는 매우 안좋은 시기의 갑작스런 발언이라고 주장했습니다

크리스텐슨박사는 또 전술핵무기가 아니라 재래식 무기와 핵폭격기, 대륙간 탄도 미사일등, 재래식 무기와 전략핵무기를 통해
억지력을 유지한다는 것이 미국의 전략이라며 백악관이 전술핵배치발언을 빨리 바로잡아 다행이라고 설명했습니다

크리스텐슨박사는 미국시간 2일밤 미과학자연맹 블로그에 게재한 글에서 '세모어조정관이 한국전술핵무기재배치 발언을 했다는 한국 중앙일보의 보도는 놀라운 것'이라며 '세모어조정관이 무엇이라고 말했는지 또는 무엇을 의미하는 발언을 했는지 나는 알 수 없지만 이 갑작스런 발언은 매우 안좋은 시기에 터져나왔다'고 밝혔습니다 

크리스텐슨박사는 '매우 안좋은 시기'라는 표현에 대해 두차례에 걸친 북한의 핵실험, 천안함 폭침, 연평도 포격, 한미합동군사훈련등으로 한반도에 긴장이 고조되는 시기라고 설명했습니다 

크리스텐슨박사는 '다행히도 백악관이 '한국방어에 전술핵무기는 필요하지 않으며 미국은 한국에 전술핵무기를 재배치할 계획이나 의도가 없다'고 발표하며 이를 재빨리 바로 잡았다'고 말했습니다 

크리스텐슨박사는 백악관 발표중 '전술핵무기 재배치계획이 없다'는 내용도 중요하지만 더욱중요한 것은 전술핵무기가 한국방어에 필요하지 않다는 사실을 다시 한번 강조한 것'이라고 주장했습니다 

크리스텐슨박사는 미공군이 최근 몇년동안 유사시 유럽과 아시아에 전술핵무기를 투여하는 임무를 부여했던 미국내 두개의 전투비행단에 대해 핵임무를 없앴다고 밝혔습니다. 

크리스텐슨박사는 노스캘롤라이나 세이모어존슨공군기지에 주둔한 제4전투비행단은 핵임무를 수행할 수는 있지만 더 이상 핵임무를 수행하지 않으며 미국은 아시아에서 재래식 무기와 장거리 핵전력으로 확장된 억지력을 보장한다고 설명했습니다 

크리스텐슨박사는 사진설명에서 구체적으로 재래식 무기와 핵폭격기 그리고 대륙간 탄도미사일을 통해 확장된 억지력이 지탱된다고 덧붙였습니다 
 

 
  

Loading

미 ‘핵 탑재 토마호크 퇴역’ 한국엔 안 알렸다
원문출처 : 중앙일보 http://news.joins.com/article/288/4045288.html?ctg=1300&cloc=home|list|list1

미국이 핵탄두를 장착한 토마호크 미사일의 퇴역과 관련된 정책을 일본에는 사전 통보하면서 한국에는 알리지 않은 것으로 4일 확인됐다. 군 고위 관계자는 이날 “미국의 핵 장착 토마호크 미사일의 퇴역에 관한 어떤 내용도 미국으로부터 공식적으로 들은 바가 없다”고 밝혔다. 미국은 앞서 핵 장착 토마호크를 퇴역시킨다는 방침을 일본 정부에 통보했다고 일본 언론들이 지난달 말 보도했다.

핵 장착 토마호크는 미국이 우방에 제공하는 핵우산의 핵심 전력이다. 정확도가 높고 폭발 규모가 작아 북한의 핵 위협에 대응할 실질적인 수단이다. 따라서 핵 장착 토마호크의 퇴역은 한·미 정상회담 등에서 미국이 한국에 제공키로 한 ‘확장된 억제력(extended deterrence)’의 약화를 의미할 수 있다. 미국의 이 방침은 이달 발표할 ‘핵태세 검토보고서 ’에 포함될 전망이라고 일본 언론들은 전했다.

국방부 관계자는 “미국이 핵 장착 토마호크의 퇴역에 관한 정보를 한국 측에 알려주지 않은 것은 한국과 일본의 다른 방위체제 때문으로 보인다”고 말했다. 그는 “한국에는 한반도 방위를 책임진 한미연합사령관이 있어 필요 시 ‘확장된 억제력’을 자동적으로 사용할 수 있다”고 설명했다. 그러나 일본은 미국이 일본의 방위를 전적으로 책임지지 않는 공동방위체제여서 일본이 핵 장착 토마호크의 퇴역을 민감하게 받아들일 수 있다는 것이다. 이 관계자는 “북한이 전면적 남침을 시도하거나 핵무기를 사용하는 상황이 발생하면 연합사령관은 재래식 정밀타격 유도 무기 등 다양한 ‘확장된 억제력’을 사용할 수 있다”며 “이 문제에 대해 앞으로 양국이 구체적으로 논의할 계획”이라고 덧붙였다
==============================================================================================================

토마호크 미사일의 퇴역, 유럽 6개국에서의 전략핵무기철수등 미국이 북한 시리아 이란에 대한 대응, 유럽의 안보등에 있어
핵무기사용을 줄인다는 방침을 정했으며 이미 지난 2월3일 발표한  QDR에서 이를 시사했다고 합니다
아래는 미국과학자협회에 게재된 내용입니다 댓글중에는 한반도 관련 내용도 있습니다 관심있는 분들은 참고하시기 바랍니다
4개년 국방태세 보고서 QDR 원문도 첨부합니다

[첨부 : 2010 QDR ]






euronukes2010
February 23, 2010 

United States to Retire Nuclear-Armed Tomahawk Missiles

Japanese Legislators Urge Obama Administration to Restrict the Purpose of U.S. Nuclear Weapons to Deterrence

WASHINGTON (February 23, 2010) — The Japanese press reported yesterday that the United States will retire its nuclear-armed Tomahawk cruise missiles, signifying the end of an ongoing debate within the Obama administration over the future of these weapons. The Tomahawk's status is one of several contentious issues the administration has worked to resolve as part of its soon-to-be-released Nuclear Posture Review (NPR), which will guide U.S. nuclear weapons policy for the next five to 10 years.

During the 1980s, the U.S. Navy deployed approximately 300 nuclear Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles on surface ships and submarines. In 1992, following the end of the Cold War, President George H.W. Bush withdrew these weapons and placed them in storage in the United States, where they have remained available for redeployment on submarines. They were scheduled to be retired in 2013, but in May 2009, the high-level Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States recommended retaining—and presumably refurbishing—the weapons, based on testimony by several Japanese diplomats. The commission, called the Perry-Schlesinger Commission after its chair and vice-chair, former U.S. defense secretaries William Perry and James Schlesinger, argued that the nuclear Tomahawk was a key component of the U.S. nuclear umbrella, and that Japan would be "very concerned" if the United States retired the weapon.

Since last spring, however, the Tomahawk issue has attracted the attention of Japanese officials and the general public. In response to questions from Japanese Diet members, Japanese Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada launched an investigation into the diplomats' testimony to the Perry-Schlesinger Commission. In late December, Okada sent a letter to U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates disavowing the testimony, stating that it did not represent Japan's official position.

"Retiring the Tomahawk missile is an important step in fulfulling President Obama's pledge to revamp U.S. nuclear weapons policy, which is still stuck in the Cold War," said Gregory Kulacki, a senior analyst with the Union of Concern Scientists' (UCS) Global Security Program. "And this decision appears to be more in line with Japanese thinking about nuclear weapons than what was reflected by the Perry-Schlesinger Commission."

The Japanese position on nuclear weapons was amplified last week when 204 members of Japan's Diet sent a letter to President Obama supporting his efforts to reduce the role of nuclear weapons. The Diet members also called on the United States to "immediately adopt a declaratory policy stating that the 'sole purpose' of U.S. nuclear weapons is to deter others from using such weapons against the United States or U.S. allies."

The Obama administration will define the purpose of U.S. nuclear weapons as part of its Nuclear Posture Review, which it is expected to release in early March. UCS has urged the administration to adopt the same policy the Diet members spelled out in their letter.

=========================================================================================================

Tuesday, Feb. 23, 2010

U.S. to retire nuclear Tomahawk missiles

Japan told step won't lessen atomic arms deterrence

Kyodo News

The United States has informally told Japan it will retire its sea-based Tomahawk cruise missiles carrying nuclear warheads, in line with President Barack Obama's policy to pursue a world free of atomic weapons, government sources said Monday.

Washington said the move would not affect the nuclear umbrella, addressing concerns in Tokyo about the step's effect on U.S. deterrence against potential attacks from China, North Korea or other countries, the sources said.

The retirement will probably be stipulated in the Nuclear Posture Review, a new nuclear strategic guideline the Obama administration is slated to submit to Congress next month, they said.

U.S. subs carrying nuclear-tipped Tomahawks called in Japan during the Cold War, but the missiles were later removed for storage at bases on the U.S. mainland.

Their retirement will also likely affect debate in Japan over Tokyo's ongoing investigation into a secret pact with Washington to allow the U.S. military to bring nuclear weapons to Japan, because decommissioning will rule out the possibility of nuclear missiles coming into the country.

Past port calls and passage through Japanese waters by submarines armed with Tomahawks have raised controversy in terms of Tokyo's three nonnuclear principles of not possessing, producing or allowing nuclear arms on its territory.

Washington notified Tokyo earlier this year of its policy to gradually decommission the nuclear Tomahawks, citing the cost for maintaining the missiles, the sources said.

The U.S. side also explained that it can maintain its nuclear umbrella with other nuclear and conventional capabilities, the sources said.

Officials from both governments have already begun discussions on the future of the U.S. deterrence on the premise the Tomahawk will be retired, they said.

Last February, before the Liberal Democratic Party was ousted from power, Japanese diplomats concerned about a weakening of the U.S. deterrence asked the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States that Tokyo be consulted ahead of any decision on the Tomahawk missiles.

The commission urged the U.S. government in its final report in May to take steps to retain the Tomahawk.
================================================================================================

Nuclear-Armed Cruise Missiles to be Scrapped, U.S. Says

A forthcoming U.S. nuclear strategy review is likely to call for elimination of the country's nuclear-tipped Tomahawk cruise missiles, Japanese officials told Kyodo News today (see GSN, July 31, 2009).

Plans to slowly phase out the missiles, unofficially communicated to Tokyo earlier this year, were prompted in part by the expense of caring for the weapons. The United States pulled the missiles from its submarines as the Cold War ended, but the weapons were maintained in case they again became necessary, U.S. nuclear experts said.

The matter is expected to be addressed in the new U.S. Nuclear Posture Review (see GSN, Jan. 6). Washington assured Tokyo that the move would not alter U.S. extended deterrence guarantees to Japan.

A policy shift ruling out the possibility of nuclear Tomahawk-equipped submarines docking in Japan could affect a probe into a secret agreement that allowed nuclear-armed U.S. military vessels and aircraft to make such stopovers, according to Kyodo News (see GSN, Jan. 29; Kyodo News/Breitbart.com, Feb. 21).

U.S. Deputy Assistant Defense Secretary Bradley Roberts met Thursday with Japanese diplomatic and defense officials to address nuclear deterrence policy, the Daily Yomiuri reported. The encounter marked the first consultation on the topic between the two powers.

The Japanese officials reportedly asked how the the United States would compensate for eliminating nuclear weapons used to protect their nation. In addition, the representatives addressed the ongoing investigations of alleged secret deals between the countries.

The sides intend to prepare a report in November outlining the outcome of the discussions, Japanese officials indicated (Satoshi Ogawa, Daily Yomiuri, Feb. 21).