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Ghadir Class Midget Submarine


Quantity in Service: 5+ (3 min)
Dimensions: L 29m, W 2.75m
Displacement : 120 tons dived
Crew: ?
Endurance: ?
Speed (est): 11kts surfaced, 8kts submerged
Powerplant: Diesel-electric

Armament: 2 x 533mm (21”) torpedo tubes with 2 torpedoes, Skhval rocket torpedoes or ~4 mines. Possibly submarine launched anti-ship missiles but unsubstantiated.

Of North Korean design, the IS-120 Ghadir (Qadir) submarine closely resembles the North Korean “P-4 Class”.

Some models of the Ghadir appear to have conventional cruciform tail fins with conventional propeller instead of the North Korean sub’s unconventional control plane arrangement and co-axel twin propeller. Photos of a production boat however show the unusual under-tail hydroplane position as per the North Korean boats. The coaxil twin props of the P-4 is replaced by a single skewed skrew in the usual place, plus a small ducted skrew mounted above, possible steerable. The exact reasoning for the two propellers is not clear but it is likely that the smaller one is intended for slow/quite running and counter-drift. Its mast and unusual snorkel (which folds backwards into the hull -casing when not in use) is almost identical however. It is possible that there are several iterations of boat with varying tail arrangements and snort-mast stowage (some appear to remain above the deck when folded).

Another charactristic which has yet to be explained is a small container mounted externally on the forward deck just ahead of the sail. This resembles an oil drum. One guess might be compressed gas.

Estimates of the size of this submarine vary greatly but video evidence confirms that there's barely enough room to stand up in the hull.


These boats are credible littoral submarines well suited to mine laying, infiltration/Special Forces operation and limited anti-surface warfare. Their torpedo tubes could conceivably carry the Shkval rocket torpedo or even submarine launched anti-ship missiles which Iran reportedly has. But their sensor fit is almost certainly basic by contemporary standards limiting their potential against other subs and advanced warships. There is also no reason to suppose that they are particularly quiet, with no signs of raft-mounting for the engines, or accustic tiling, and the shallow water of the Gulf is likely to leave them exposed to anti-submarine warfare.

Google Earth imagery shows a single midget sub moored in Bandar-e Abbas port in 2005, although this looks more like a Nahong class sub to me. In 2008 imagery there are four submarines however:


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GHADIR 단면도등 공개 [연어급 잠수정]-군사블로거 PLANEMAN, http://andocu.tistory.com/1837
SECRET OF KOREA DISCLOSES KOREA'S WEALTHY
http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/383303.html

SECRET FILE & PHOTO DOWNLOAD : http://www.docstoc.com/profile/cyan67
CAMP DAVID SECRET PHOTO http://andocu.tistory.com/990
NSA - COUNTERTERRORISM CENTER SECRET PHOTO http://andocu.tistory.com/1323
WHITEHOUSE STAFF LIST [NAME-SALARY-POST ETC] http://andocu.tistory.com/283
OBAMA PHYSICAL EXAMINATION REPORT http://andocu.tistory.com/1156
OBAMA - BIDEN FINANCIAL REPORT http://andocu.tistory.com/1796

Marine_Aviation_Plans_Programs_Reference_Guide_DC_Aviation_.pdf http://andocu.tistory.com/1658

플레인맨작성
북한군사기지지도 다운로드받기
 http://andocu.tistory.com/1452

북한군사정보 내손안에 있다 : 아마추어[?] 리서처 플레인맨 , 민감한 군사정보 속속들이 공개

http://andocu.tistory.com/1451

북한 공군기지 [정밀 좌표] 위성으로 들여다보니 http://andocu.tistory.com/1382

북한 남포 비파곶 잠수함기지 위성사진 http://andocu.tistory.com/1404

북한 해군 호버크래프트 기지 위성사진 http://andocu.tistory.com/1422

대동B 반잠수정 위성사진및 이란정박사진 http://andocu.tistory.com/1396
북한 '사곶기지' 어떤 곳 : 위성사진으로 들여다보니 http://andocu.tistory.com/1381
첩보위성 KH-12, 6인치까지 판독 http://andocu.tistory.com/554
북한 공군기지 위성사진 http://andocu.tistory.com/1304

북한 마양도 잠수함기지 위성사진 [동해안:함경남도 신포시 마양도] http://andocu.tistory.com/1397


Ghadir Class Midget Submarine


Quantity in Service: 5+ (3 min)
Dimensions: L 29m, W 2.75m
Displacement : 120 tons dived
Crew: ?
Endurance: ?
Speed (est): 11kts surfaced, 8kts submerged
Powerplant: Diesel-electric

Armament: 2 x 533mm (21”) torpedo tubes with 2 torpedoes, Skhval rocket torpedoes or ~4 mines. Possibly submarine launched anti-ship missiles but unsubstantiated.

Of North Korean design, the IS-120 Ghadir (Qadir) submarine closely resembles the North Korean “P-4 Class”.

Some models of the Ghadir appear to have conventional cruciform tail fins with conventional propeller instead of the North Korean sub’s unconventional control plane arrangement and co-axel twin propeller. Photos of a production boat however show the unusual under-tail hydroplane position as per the North Korean boats. The coaxil twin props of the P-4 is replaced by a single skewed skrew in the usual place, plus a small ducted skrew mounted above, possible steerable. The exact reasoning for the two propellers is not clear but it is likely that the smaller one is intended for slow/quite running and counter-drift. Its mast and unusual snorkel (which folds backwards into the hull -casing when not in use) is almost identical however. It is possible that there are several iterations of boat with varying tail arrangements and snort-mast stowage (some appear to remain above the deck when folded).

Another charactristic which has yet to be explained is a small container mounted externally on the forward deck just ahead of the sail. This resembles an oil drum. One guess might be compressed gas.

Estimates of the size of this submarine vary greatly but video evidence confirms that there's barely enough room to stand up in the hull.


These boats are credible littoral submarines well suited to mine laying, infiltration/Special Forces operation and limited anti-surface warfare. Their torpedo tubes could conceivably carry the Shkval rocket torpedo or even submarine launched anti-ship missiles which Iran reportedly has. But their sensor fit is almost certainly basic by contemporary standards limiting their potential against other subs and advanced warships. There is also no reason to suppose that they are particularly quiet, with no signs of raft-mounting for the engines, or accustic tiling, and the shallow water of the Gulf is likely to leave them exposed to anti-submarine warfare.

Google Earth imagery shows a single midget sub moored in Bandar-e Abbas port in 2005, although this looks more like a Nahong class sub to me. In 2008 imagery there are four submarines however:

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Yono Class / Ghadir Class Midget Submarine

In 2005 Iran announced it would start production of its first indigenous submarine. Iran on 11 May 2005 officially launched the production of its first locally built submarine, a craft capable of operating stealthily, state-run television reported. Defence Ministry spokesman Mohammad Imani was quoted as saying "the enemy would not be able to detect the submarine." He did not elaborate. One submarine had already been built and was shown on television, cruising at sea level. The Defence Ministry had commissioned an unspecified number of the craft that’s been dubbed "Ghadir."

The hull was launched in 2006. In 2007 the Iranian navy unveiled a submarine, named the Qadir (also written Ghadir), first of a number of planned midget submarines of the Yono class. Some observers suggested that the Qadir was otherwise similar to the North Korean Yugo boats, leading observers to suggest that this was an Iranian design based heavy on that class. But the Ghadir was 50% longer than the Yugo, and in fact resembled the North Korean Sang-O Class coastal submarines.

Iranian authorities asserted that the Qadir was an entirely Iranian design, and that the vessel could launch anti-ship missiles. Such a capability would have required the installation of more advanced systems into the submarine or the operation in concert with other vessels capable of guiding any such missiles. The Qadir does have provisions for mounting a Swimmer Delivery Vehicle (SDV), a type of craft that Iran has also developed.

Iran described the Ghadir as a "light" submarine, meaning it is smaller than the attack subs used by the United States. Iran has provided very little information about the craft, including its dimensions or the size of its crew.

The Shi’a celebrate the Eid al-Ghadir on 18 Dhu al-Hijja in the Islamic calendar, the day when Prophet Muhammad appointed Ali for the caliphate. Ghadir is a site in the Arabian Peninsula holy to Shias, the overwhelming majority of Iran’s 69 million people. On 18th Zilhajjah of the year 10 A.H. (10 March 632 CE), after completing the last pilgrimage the Holy Prophet(S.A.W.) along with the Muslims set out of Makkah. On their way back the Muslims reached a place called Ghadir-e-khumm. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said: "He (Ali) is the mawla (i.e., has prior right to and superior authority over the lives) of all those of whom I am mawla. O Allah, love him who loves him (Ali) and hate him who hates him." The "day of Ghadeer" is particularly specified for helping deserving people."

The submarine, which is capable of operating in the Persian Gulf and Oman seawaters, can launch both missiles and torpedoes at the same time, the television reported, without specifying the range of the projectiles. In December 2004, Iran announced the production of a line of stealth torpedoes that could be launched from helicopters, ships or submarines. Iranian officials have repeatedly said the Islamic Republic will defend itself should the United States or archrival Israel initiate any aggression. Pressure has mounted on Iran recently with suspicion over its nuclear program which Washington suspects is aimed at building unconventional weapons, a charge Iranian officials vehemently deny.

In November 2007 Iran claimed to have built a small submarine equipped with sonar-evading technology, saying the craft had been launched in the Persian Gulf. The navy chief, Adm. Habibollah Sayyari, was quoted by state television as saying the new Ghadir-class submarine is the second Iranian-built underwater craft outfitted with "state-of-the-art electronic equipment." He said it took 10 years to build.

Iran's Naval Submarine fleet will be equipped with a new domestically manufactured submarine, the senior Iranian navy commander said in August 2008. Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari said that Iranian technicians have used indigenous technology to build the new submarine. He did not specify the class of the new submarine. Iran's Navy currently operates Ghadir and Nahang (meaning whale in Persian) submarines. According to Rear Adm. Sayyari, the Ghadir submarine is equipped with the latest military and technological equipments.

On 26 November 2008 the Commander of the Islamic Republic Army's Navy Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari said that in next 15 days another Ghadir class submarine would be delivered to the Navy. Sayyari told reporters after touring IRNA head office that the submarine has been designed and built by Marine Industries Organization. He said moreover, a light submarine will join the Navy's fleet on the Navy Day. He added that once the submarines join the Navy, its deterrent power deep inside the sea will increase dramatically. This would mark possibly the fouth submarine in this class.

Reportedly being mass produced [reportedly at a cost of $18 million each], the first of this class, Ghadir, has been paraded for the press. Although generally described as a mini-submarine, it is rather larger that Iran's other mini-subs. The Ghadir, with an estimated displacement estimated at between 120 tons and 500 tons, is probably better described as a littoral submarine, similar in concept to the Italian Sauro class though significantly smaller. Photographs indicate it has a pair of bow torpedo tubes which appear to be 21” allowing them to fire typical heavyweight torpedoes. It could thus serve as a launch platform for the infamous Shkval rocket torpedo, which has been transfered to Iran.

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북한의 스텔스 어뢰정 SES :플레인맨 '북한 스텔스 기술 이미 보유'

http://planeman-bluffersguide.blogspot.com/2009/12/bluffers-guide-north-korean-naval-power.html


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플레인맨, 북한해군 SDV 갖고 있다

http://planeman-bluffersguide.blogspot.com/2009/12/bluffers-guide-north-korean-naval-power.html


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플레인맨 블로그에는 북한을 비롯한 러시아 중국등 세계 여러나라의 군사기지 위치를 표시한 구글지도파일이 올려져 있습니다
플레인맨 블로그 http://planeman-bluffersguide.blogspot.com/ 해당글에서 자세히 찾아보면 구글지도파일을 다운로드 받을 수 있습니다
여기에서는 편의를 위해 플레인맨이 직접 만든 북한군사기지지도 구글 파일을 올려놓았습니다
다운로드 받은 뒤 구글어스를 연다음 구글어스로 불러오면 됩니다

기타국가 파일에 관심있으신 분들은 블로그에서 해당글을 찾아 다운로드 받으시기 바랍니다

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천안함 침몰로 북한 군사력에 관심이 집중되고 있는 가운데 국적불명의 한 아마츄어 리서처가 북한의 군사정보를 자신의 
블로그에 속속들이 공개해 화제가 되고 있습니다, 

PLANEMAN 이라는 필명의 이 블로거는 자신을 아마츄어 리서처라고 소개했지만 공개내용은 가히 충격적입니다
이 블로그에는 '북한의 군장성이 보면 기절할 것' '정보기관에서 연락이 갈 것 같다'는 등의 댓글이 달려 엄청난 폭발력이 담긴
컨텐츠임을 실감케 하고 있습니다

2012/09/16 - [분류 전체보기] - 안치용,‘박정희 대미로비 X파일’출판 : 미국의 청와대도청은 실재- 박정희 방탄차 알고보니 CIA가 제공

PLANEMAN 이 운영하는 블로그는 '플레인맨 블러퍼스 가이드' http://planeman-bluffersguide.blogspot.com/ 입니다 
또 http://www.militaryphotos.net 에도 러시아, 중국, 파키스탄, 인도등 세계 각국의 군사정보를 올리는가 하면
여러 곳의 군사사이트 포럼에서 활발한 활동을 하고 있고 천안함 관련 포럼에도 의견을 개진하고 있습니다 

PLANEMAN의 글중 일단 우리의 가장 큰 관심사인 북한의 군사력을 해군전력1,2, 요새화된 북한1,2순으로 소개해 보겠습니다 

플레인맨은 일단 블로그스팟에 블로그를 개설하기 이전인 지난 2007년 6월 5일 밀리터리포토 사이트에 '2007 북한의 해군전력'
[http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?113552-Bluffers-guide-North-Korean-Naval-Power-2007 ] 이란
글을 통해 북한의 해군전력을 '잠수함부대'등 5개 주제에 맞춰 정리했습니다 


플레인맨은 북한의 해군전력 1탄에 이어 지난해 12월 5일 자신의 블로그인 플레인맨 블러퍼스 가이드에 해군력에 대한 최신내용을 업그레이드한 '북한의 해군전력 2' [ http://planeman-bluffersguide.blogspot.com/2009/12/bluffers-guide-north-korean-naval-power.html ]을 올렸습니다 

플레인맨이 올린 글을 보면 북한의 전체적인 해군력은 물론 이번에 천안함 침몰사태로 언론에 언급된 북한의 잠수함부대에 대한 자세한 내용을 볼 수 있습니다 남포아래의 비파곶 잠수함기지를 포함해 각 해군기지의 위성사진은 물론 각 부두에 정박된
잠수함을 로메오급 상어급 위스키 급으로 표시했습니다 심지어 북한이 이란에 수출한 TIR급 쾌속어뢰정이 이란에 정박돼 있는 위성사진도 찾아내 싣고 있습니다 또 대동급 반잠수정, 유고급 반잠수정등 각 해군장비의 스펙에 대해서도 자세히 소개돼 있습니다 특히 일부 함정은 플레인맨자신이 각 정보를 취합해 직접 드로잉했다고 합니다 

입이 쩍 벌어질 수 밖에 없는 내용들입니다 


플레인맨은 요새화된 북한에 대해서도 자세히 소개했습니다 특히 평양을 중심으로 구성돼 있는 백여개의 대공포기지와 함께 기지에 배치된 대공포를 분석, 사정거리를 계산해 참새 한마리 통과할 수 없을 정도로 촘촘한 평양 방공망을 그래픽으로 설명했습니다 

플레인맨이 요새화된 북한 1을 발표한 시기는 2008년 2월 9일 자신의 블로그[http://planeman-bluffersguide.blogspot.com/search?updated-min=2008-01-01T00%3A00%3A00-08%3A00&updated-max=2009-01-01T00%3A00%3A00-08%3A00&max-results=1]를 통해서 였습니다 



2009년 8월 2일에는 밀러터리포토 사이트에 '북한기습 2009' [원제는 NORTH KOREA STRIKES 2009이며 번역을 둘러싼 논란을 피하기 위해 '노스코리아 스트라이크 2009'로 표현하겠습니다][ http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?162240-Bluffer-s-Guide-North-Korea-strikes!-(2009) ] 라는 제목으로 개정판을 올렸습니다 

'요새화된 북한'에서는  1. 정교한 평양일대의 방공망 2. 지하 공군기지 3. 방공포 내역 4. 터널에 숨겨진 장거리포등 4가지 주제의 글을 통해 북한에 지하기지가 많고 방공망을 정교하게 구성, 사실상 요새화됐음을 입증했습니다

특히 구글 위성사진으로 요새화된 북한의 군기지를 찾아내 어떤 무기들이 어디에 어떻게 배치돼 있는지를 자세한 설명과 함께
게재했고 일부 지하시설에 숨겨진 무기의 경우 자신이 직접 무기가 어떻게 숨겨져 있을 것인지를 폭넓은 군사지식을 통해
직접 시각화했습니다 

'노스코리아 스트라이크 2009'는 그야말로 플레인맨 군사지식의 결정판이라 불러도 손색이 없습니다 
수십장의 위성사진을 동원, 북한의 군사기지와 방공포 위치를 낱낱이 찾아냈습니다 구글을 통해서만 4백개의 포진지를 찾을 수 있었다고 합니다
또 1,2,3,4 호 땅굴의 위치는 물론 휴전선 155마일을 따라 구성된 1,2차 탱크저지선[DITCH]등을 지도와 실물 사진으로 소개했고 서울에 포사격이 가능한 사거리를 지도로 표현했습니다

서울북방 비무장지대 서부전선에 배치된 방공포 사이트도 사거리와 함께 소개했고 수도 서울 상공을 중심으로 구성된 방공망도 그래픽으로 표시했습니다 또 서울에 핵폭탄이 터질 경우의 피해상황도 예측했습니다 


특히 '노스코리아 스트라이크 2009'에는 북한 공군기지에 대해서도 소개함으로써 그야말로 북한의 육해공군 전력을 모두 분석해 내는 기염을 토했습니다 또 서두에 북한 군의 장점과 약점을 일목요연하게 정리하는 것도 잊지 않았습니다

플레인맨 블로그에 올려진 글들은 현재 모두 16건으로 러시아와 중국, 이란, 인도, 파키스탄, 베트남, 대만, 북한등의 군사력을 낱낱이 발가벗겼고 가장 최근에는 지난달 10일 '요새화된 러시아 1탄'이란 제목하에 러시아의 방공망을 분석했습니다 



플레인맨은 특히 구글어스를 이용해 북한과 중국 러시아등 자신이 조사한 모든 국가의 군사기지 현황을 지도에 표시, 파일로 제작해 서비스함으로써 누구나 파일을 다운로드받아 구글 어스에서 열 경우 자세한 군사기지 위치를 볼 수 있도록 했습니다 

플레인맨이 게재한 각국 군사정보가 과연 얼마나 정확한지에 대해서는 알지 못합니다 플레인맨 자신이 말했듯 제인연감등 각종 군사잡지와 국방관련 인터넷사이트에서 정보를 얻어 일일이 좌표를 확인했으며 이를 구글 지도로 보여주듯 지금 현재, 오늘 기지가 없어졌는지는 모르지만 적어도 플레인맨이 언급한 군사기지등이 존재했음은 명확합니다 물론 매일 매일 새로 촬영한 위성사진을 분석하는 세계 각국의 국방당국의 최신 정보에는 미치지는 못하지만 적어도 어렴풋이 나마 세계 각국의 군사력을 살펴보는 유용한 자료임에 틀림이 없습니다 

저 또한 플레인맨의 자료에 나타난 좌표등으로 구글 어스를 검색, 북한 군사기지 위성사진을 캡쳐해 소개했고 현재도 많은 네티즌들이 플레인맨의 블로그를 참고하고 인용하는등 큰 인기를 누리고 있습니다  

플레인맨의 노력에 경의를 표합니다 







 
 

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