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위키리크스2011.01.10 17:06
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위키리크스에 미 국무부 비밀전문등을 넘겨준 것으로 알려진 브래들리 매닝은 미 국방부 인터넷망에도 접속해
이라크전과 아프카니스탄전 비밀문서도 빼냈습니다

브래들리 매닝이 접속한 미 국방부 인터넷망이 SIPRNET  입니다
아래는 미 국방부 인터넷망 '시크릿 인터넷 프로토콜 라우터 네트웍'이 무엇인지 설명하고 있습니다

====================================================================================

The Secret Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNET) is the Department of Defense's largest network for the exchange of classified information and messages at the SECRET level. It supports the Global Command and Control System, the Defense Message System, and numerous other classified warfighting and planning applications. Although the SIPRNET uses the same communications procedures as the Internet, it has dedicated and encrypted lines that are separate from all other communications systems. It is the classified counterpart of the Unclassified but Sensitive Internet Protocol Router Network (NIPRNET), which provides seamless interoperability for unclassified combat support applications and controlled access to the Internet.

Access to the SIPRNET requires a SECRET level clearance or higher and a need to have information that is available only on the SIPRNET. Because the SIPRNET is an obvious target for hostile penetration, a number of strict security procedures are applied. All users must be approved and registered. Passwords must be changed at least every 150 days and must have at least 10 characters including two upper case letters, two lower case letters, two numbers, and two special characters. When a person is using the SIPRNET, he/she must not leave the workstation unattended.

A computer with a non-removable hard drive used to access the SIPRNET must be located in an area approved for open storage of SECRET information.  A computer with a removable hard drive does not have to be in an open storage location, but the hard drive must be appropriately marked with the classification of the material it contains and, when not in use, must be removed and stored in a container approved for the storage of SECRET information. If physical keys are used, they will be numbered and stored in a container approved for the storage of SECRET material.

Linking a computer with access to the SIPRNET to the Internet or to any other computer or media storage device that has not been approved for use with SECRET information is a serious security violation. Once any media storage device such as a CD, floppy disk, or memory stick has been connected to a computer with access to the SIPRNET, it becomes classified at the SECRET level. It must be protected accordingly and shall not be used on any unclassified computer.  Classified information retrieved from the SIPRNET should not be accessed via NIPRNET 

Technological advances in storage devices are making it easier for classified information to be removed from secure areas. Data-storage devices such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDA), Key-chain drives, Memory watches etc, should not be allowed in an environment where classified information is processed because of their infrared and similar recording capabilities. For computers used to process classified information, it is recommended that infrared (IR) port beaming capability be disabled. If the IR port is unable to be disabled, cover the IR port with metallic tape.

A SIPRNET workstation cannot be attached to a shared or networked NIPRNET printer.  It can only be attached to a local printer directly connected to the workstation in a secure area. You are responsible for ensuring that all classified printed material is properly marked and for complying with appropriate procedures for removing that material from the vaulted or other secure area. Personnel with access to the SIPRNET must receive security awareness training at least once a year tailored to the SIPRNET system and the kinds of information accessed on that system.

The SIPRNET system maintains an audit trail of all users. This includes the identity of all persons accessing or attempting to access the SIPRNET, date and time of logon/logoff, and any noteworthy activities that might indicate an attempt to modify, bypass, or negate security safeguards.

분류없음2011.01.07 14:05
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CIA주요작전의 작전담당관등을 역임한 18년차의 중견 CIA 요원이 작가에게 1급 기밀을 유출한 혐의로 FBI에 체포됐습니다 

위키리크스 미국무부 비밀전문 폭로파문이 일파만파로 번지고 있는 가운데 CIA 요원이 체포됨으로써 오바마 집권이후
중요기밀유출사건은 브래들리 매닝을 포함해 스털링 요원까지 모두 5건으로 늘어났습니다

미법무부는 지난 6일 보도자료를 통해 제프리 스털링 CIA 요원이 작가에게 1급기밀을 유출한 혐의로 체포됐다고 발표했습니다
미법무부는 지난해 12월 22일 미 연방법원 버지니아 동부법원에 제프리 알렉산더 스털링 CIA 요원에 대한 기소장과 체포영장을 신청하면서 비공개를 요청했고 법원은 스털링의 신병확보때까지만 이 서류의 비공개를 허용했으며 스털링이 체포됨으로써
모든 것이 공개됐습니다

스털링의 기소장은 31페이지분량으로 스털링이 미국정부의 기밀보호규정을 어기고 돈을 받고 작가에게 미국의 1급기밀을 넘겼으며 이 작가는 이 내용을 소설로 출판했다고 기재돼 있습니다

기소장에는 스털링이 유출한 기밀관련 국가가 A, 중요인물이 HUMAN ASSET NO 1 이라고 표기되는등 엄격히 기밀유출을 차단하고 있으나 관련 국가는 이란이며 관련 기밀은 이란 핵시설인 것으로 알려지고 있습니다

스털링으로 부터 관련기밀을 넘겨받은 작가는 수차례에 걸쳐 수만달러를 전달했으며 지난 2006년 부시행정부시대의  STATE OF WAR라는 제목으로 책을 출판한 것으로 알려지고 있습니다

한편 오바마행정부 출범이래 발생한 중요기밀유출사건은 모두 5건으로 위키리크스와 관련된 브래들리 매닝, 국무부 산하기관
정보분석관 스티븐 진우 김, FBI의 샤만 라이포비츠, NSA의 토마스 드레이크 그리고 제프리 스털링등 입니다

미 법무부 보도자료 http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2011/January/11-crm-015.html


스털링요원 기밀유출혐의 체포
미 국무부 보도자료
Department of Justice
Office of Public Affairs
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Thursday, January 6, 2011
Former CIA Officer Arrested for Alleged Unauthorized Disclosure of National Defense Information and Obstruction of Justice

WASHINGTON – A former CIA officer was arrested today on charges that he illegally disclosed national defense information and obstructed justice, announced Assistant Attorney General Lanny A. Breuer of the Criminal Division and U.S. Attorney Neil H. MacBride for the Eastern District of Virginia.

Jeffrey Alexander Sterling, 43, of O’Fallon, Mo., was charged in a 10-count indictment returned by a federal grand jury in the Eastern District of Virginia on Dec. 22, 2010, and unsealed today.  The indictment charges Sterling with six counts of unauthorized disclosure of national defense information, and one count each of unlawful retention of national defense information, mail fraud, unauthorized conveyance of government property and obstruction of justice.  Sterling was arrested today in St. Louis and is expected to make his initial appearance this afternoon before U.S. Magistrate Judge Terry I. Adelman in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri.

According to the indictment, Sterling was employed by the CIA from May 1993 to January 2002.  From November 1998 through May 2000, he was assigned to a classified clandestine operational program designed to conduct intelligence activities related to the weapons capabilities of certain countries, including Country A. During that same time frame, he was also the operations officer assigned to handle a human asset associated with that program.  According to the indictment, Sterling was reassigned in May 2000, at which time he was no longer authorized to receive or possess classified documents concerning the program or the individual.

In connection with his employment, the indictment alleges that Sterling, who is a lawyer, signed various security, secrecy and non-disclosure agreements in which he agreed never to disclose classified information to unauthorized persons, acknowledged that classified information was the property of the CIA, and also acknowledged that the unauthorized disclosure of classified information could constitute a criminal offense.  According to the indictment, these agreements also set forth the proper procedures to follow if Sterling had concerns that the CIA had engaged in any "unlawful or improper" conduct that implicated classified information.  These procedures permit such concerns to be addressed while still protecting the classified nature of the information.  The media, according to the indictment, was not an authorized party to receive such classified information under such circumstances.

The indictment alleges that Sterling, in retaliation for the CIA’s refusal to settle on terms favorable to him in the civil and administrative claims he was pursuing against the CIA, engaged in a scheme to disclose information concerning the classified operational program and the human asset – first, in connection with a possible newspaper story to be written by an author employed by a national newspaper in early 2003 and, later, in connection with a book published by the author in January 2006.

"The indictment unsealed today alleges that Jeffrey Sterling violated his oath to protect classified information and then obstructed an investigation into his actions. Through his alleged actions, Sterling placed at risk our national security and the life of an individual working on a classified mission," said Assistant Attorney General Lanny A. Breuer. "Those who violate the law, and the trust placed in them by the U.S. government to keep our national security information secure, must be held accountable."

"Our national security requires that sensitive information be protected," said U.S. Attorney MacBride. "The law does not allow one person to unilaterally decide to disclose that information to someone not cleared to receive it. Those who handle classified information know the law and must be held accountable when they break it."

The indictment alleges that Sterling took a number of steps to facilitate the disclosure of the classified information, including:

  • stealing classified documents and other information from the CIA and unlawfully retaining those documents without the authority of the CIA;
  • communicating by telephone, via e-mail and in person with the author in order to arrange for the disclosure of or to disclose classified information to the author;
  • meeting with the author in person to orally disclose classified information to the author and to provide documents containing classified information to the author for review or use;
  • characterizing the classified information in a false and misleading manner as a means of inducing the author to write and publish a story premised on that false and misleading information;
  • deceiving and attempting to deceive the CIA into believing that he was a former employee adhering to his secrecy and non-disclosure agreements; and
  • deliberately choosing to disclose the classified information to a member of the media, knowing that such an individual would not reveal his identity, thereby concealing and perpetrating the scheme.

Specifically, the indictment alleges that beginning in August 2000, Sterling pursued various administrative and civil actions against the CIA concerning alleged employment-related racial discrimination and decisions made by the CIA’s Publications Review Board regarding Sterling’s efforts to publish his memoirs. According to the indictment, on Feb. 12, 2003, the CIA rejected Sterling’s third offer to settle his discrimination lawsuit, which was ultimately dismissed by the court.

The indictment alleges that beginning a few weeks later, in February and March 2003, Sterling made various telephone calls to the author’s residence, and e-mailed the author a newspaper article about the weapons capabilities of Country A. According to the indictment, while the possible newspaper article containing the classified information Sterling allegedly provided ultimately was not published in 2003, Sterling and the author remained in touch from December 2003 through November 2005 via telephone and e-mail. The indictment alleges that in January 2006, the author published a book which contained classified information about the program and the human asset.

The indictment also alleges that Sterling obstructed justice when, between April and July 2006, he deleted the e-mail he had sent to the author concerning the weapons capabilities of Country A from his account. According to the indictment, Sterling was aware by June 2003 of an FBI investigation into his disclosure of national defense information, and was aware of a grand jury investigation into the matter by June 2006, when he was served a grand jury subpoena for documents relating to the author’s book.

The charges of unauthorized disclosure and retention of national defense information each carry maximum penalties of 10 years in prison. The charge of mail fraud carries a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison. The charge of unauthorized conveyance of government property carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison. The charge of obstruction of justice carries a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison. Each of these charges also carries a maximum fine of $250,000 or twice the loss or gain associated with the offense.

An indictment is merely an accusation, and the defendant is presumed innocent unless proven guilty in a court of law.

This case is being prosecuted by Senior Litigation Counsel William M. Welch II of the Criminal Division, Trial Attorney Timothy J. Kelly of the Criminal Division’s Public Integrity Section and Senior Litigation Counsel James L. Trump of the Eastern District of Virginia. The case was investigated by the FBI’s Washington Field Office, with assistance in the arrest from the FBI’s St. Louis Field Office.

11-015
Criminal Division


위키리크스2010.10.22 18:23
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위키리크스 이라크전문서공개 : 미군 3천7백여명 이라크는 10만5천여명 사망
위키리크스 이라크전 기밀문서공개

가디언지보도: 이라크전 사망자 통계


지난 2004년부터 2009년까지 6년간 이라크전에서 이라크 민간인을 포함한 이라크진영 사망자가 미군등 미국동맹군 
사망자보다 무려 30배가량 많은 것으로 집계됐습니다

위키리크스로 부터 미국정부의 이라크전 기밀문서 40만건을 미리 입수, 분석한 영국 가디언지는 조금전 자사 
웹사이트에 공개한 사망자 통계를 통해  2004년부터 2009년 12월까지 사망한 미군등 미국동맹군은 3천7백71명인 반면
이라크 진영 사망자는 민간인을 포함, 30배정도 많은 10만5천여명에 이른다고 보도했습니다

가디언지에 따르면 미군등 미국동맹군 사망자는 3천7백71명, 이라크군 사망자는 1만5천여명, 민간인 사망자는 6만6천여명,
또 그외 적으로 간주되는 반군등 친이라크군 사망자가 2만3천9명여명에 달한다는 것입니다

이 기간중 전체 사망자수는 10만9천32명으로 집계됐으며 부상자는 17만6천여명으로 집계됐습니다

하지만 미국 abc방송은 유럽언론들이 사망자를 10만9천여명으로 집계한 반면 일부에서는 사망자수가 28만5천명에
이른다는 주장이 있다고 보도, 사망자수가 더 늘어날 가능성도 배제할 수 없습니다

위키리크스2010.10.22 18:03
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위키리크스공개 : 이라크진영 사망자가 미군 사망자보다 30배 많다 http://andocu.tistory.com/3010

위키리크스 이라크전 기밀문서 공개
위키리크스가 미국정부의 이라크전 관련 기밀문서 40만건을 유럽시간 내일[23일] 오전 [한국시간 오후 5시]
공개하기로 한 가운데 영국 가디언지가 미리 이문서를 받아 이라크전 월별 사망자수, 사망지역등의 자세한 분석자료를
조금전 자사 웹사이트에 공개했습니다

영국 가디언지는 40만건의 문서를 위키리크스로 부터 미리 입수, 내용을 분석해 사망자수등을 집계한 것입니다
상당히 많은 인력을 투입, 상당히 오랜 시간동안 세밀하게 작업을 한 것으로 보입니다

http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2010/oct/23/wikileaks-iraq-data-journalism#data

위키리크스는 가디언지 외에도 알 자지라등에도 이라크전 기밀문서 40만건을 이미 전달했습니다

또 미국 abc방송도 위키리크스의 일부자료를 입수, 사망자수가 미국정부 발표보다 훨씬 많으며
검문소등에서 수백명의 민간인이 사살되고 수만명의 이라크군 병사들이 신원확인도 없이 매장됐다고
보도했습니다

http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wikileaks-dump-put-iraqi-war-death-toll-285000/story?id=11949670


위키리크스2010.07.28 17:00
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위키리크가 공개한 미국정부의 아프카니스탄 전쟁관련 비밀문서 9만2천여건중 '빈 라덴이 북한 미사일을 구입했다'는
내용이 포함돼 있음이 워싱턴 포스트등을 통해 보도됐습니다

북한관련 원문은 아래와 같습니다 2005년 12월 3일 작성된 비밀문서입니다

'빈 라덴의 참모 2명이 2005년 11월 19일부터 2주간 북한을 방문, 원격조종 로켓을 구매한뒤 12월 3일 아프카니스탄으로 귀환했으며 로켓은 2006년초에 선적될 것' 이라는 내용입니다

북한이 911 테러 주범인 오사마 빈 라덴과 거래를 했다는 기록으로 북한이 테러지원국임이 명백히 드러나 있습니다

THREAT TO AIRCRAFT IN HELMEND PROVINCE
Organization(s) Involved: HEZB E ISLAMI GULBUDDIN
TEXT: ON 19 NOVEMBER 2005, HEZB-ISLAMI PARTY LEADER, GULBUDDIN HEKMARTYR AND DR. AMIN ((NLN)), USAMA BIN LADIN,S FINANCIAL ADVISOR, BOTH FLEW TO NORTH KOREA DEPARTING FROM AN IRAN. THEY RETURNED TO HELMAND //GEOCOORD: 3100N/06400E//, AFGHANISTAN ON APPROXIMATELY 03 DECEMBER 2005. WHILE IN NORTH KOREA, THE TWO CONFIRMED A DEAL WITH THE NORTH KOREAN GOVERNMENT FOR REMOTE CONTROLLED ROCKETS FOR USE AGAINST AMERICAN AND COALITION AIRCRAFT. THE DEAL WAS CLOSED FOR AN UNDETERMINED AMOUNT OF MONEY. THE SHIPMENT OF SAID WEAPONS IS EXPECTED SHORTLY AFTER THE NEW YEAR. NFI. UPON RETURN FROM NORTH KOREA DR. AMIN STAYED IN HELMAND, AND HEKMARTYR WENT TO KONAR, NURISTAN PROVINCE

============================================================================================

'북한, 아프칸에 로켓판매' 조선일보에 게재된 기사 원문입니다

북한
이 2005년 아프가니스탄 반군에게 미사일을 판매했다는 문건이 비밀 폭로 전문 웹사이트 ‘위키리크(wikileaks.com)’에 의해 공개됐다.

미국 워싱턴포스트(WP)는 위키리크가 최근 공개한 9만여건의 아프간전 관련 기밀문건 중 이같은 내용이 있다고 26일(현지시각) 보도했다.

이 문건에는 ‘지난 2005년 11월19일 아프간 ‘헤즈브 이슬라미’(이슬람당) 지도자인 굴부딘 헤크마티아르(Hekmatyar)와 오사마 빈 라덴의 재정자문인 아민(Amin) 박사가 이란을 거쳐 북한에 갔으며, 미군과 동맹군의 비행기를 격추시킬 수 있는 원격조종로켓 구매 계약을 체결했다‘는 내용이 담겨있다. 구체적인 계약내용은 나와 있지 않다고 WP는 전했다.

또 문건에는 ‘해당 미사일은 2006년 초 선적될 예정이며, 두 사람은 2주간 북한에 머물다 같은 해 12월3일 아프가니스탄 남부 헬만드주로 돌아갔다’고 되어있다. 헤크마티아르는 아프간 동부지역으로 이동했다고 적혀있다.

WP는 ‘그로부터 18개월 뒤 아프간 헬만드강 유역에서 CH-47 치누크 헬리콥터 한 대가 미사일 공격으로 격추됐으며, 이 미사일은 휴대용 견착식 지대공 미사일인 것으로 추정된다’고 2007년 5월30일 작성된 보고서를 인용해 전했다.

헤크마티아르와 함께 방북했다는 아민 박사는 기존에 알려지지 않은 이름으로, 실존인물이라면 수년동안 조직내 해당 역할을 맡았던 여러 인물 중 가장 최근의 인물일 수 있다고 WP는 분석했다.

북한이 아프간 반군 등에 무기를 판매하는 등 서로 연계를 맺었다는 문건은 지금까지 없었다.

WP는 전문가들의 분석을 인용해 ‘위키리크의 문건이 사실이라면 북한이 미국을 위협할 수 있는 힘을 갖고 있고, 무기를 팔아 체제 유지에 필요한 현금을 확보하게 된 것’이라고 전했다.

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위키리크가 공개한 아프카니스탄전쟁관련 비밀문서중 북한과 오사바 빈라덴 무기거래 관련 문건입니다

분류없음2010.06.07 20:48
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U.S. intelligence analyst investigated for allegedly divulging classified information

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/06/07/AR2010060702381.html
By Ellen Nakashima and Julie Tate
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, June 7, 2010; 2:35 PM

U.S. military officials said Monday that they had detained a military intelligence analyst from Potomac for allegedly leaking classified information to the whistleblower site Wikileaks.org. A prominent former hacker said the analyst provided U.S. combat video footage and hundreds of thousands of classified State Department records.

Army Spec. Bradley Manning, 22, is being held in Kuwait while officials conduct an investigation, according to the military. He has not been charged.

"The Department of Defense takes the management of classified information very seriously because it affects our national security, the lives of our soldiers, and our operations abroad," the U.S. military command in Iraq said in a statement.

Manning, who had access to classified networks while stationed in Iraq with the 10th Mountain Division, was turned in by a former hacker, Adrian Lamo, who contacted the Army after Manning confided in him through instant messages and e-mail, according to Wired.com, which first reported the case.

Manning reportedly said that he had come across documents and felt they contained "incredible things, awful things . . . that belonged in the public domain, and not on some server stored in a dark room in Washington, D.C."

On his Facebook page, Lamo acknowledged reporting Manning to authorities.

"I'm heartsick for Manning and his family," Lamo wrote. "I hope they can forgive me some day for doing what I felt had to be done.

He added: "I've never turned anyone in before, and don't plan to again. But he was like a kid playing with a loaded gun. Someone was bound to get hurt."

Wikileaks, a secretive three-year-old organization headquartered in Berlin, achieved global prominence in April when it posted a U.S. military video of a 2007 helicopter attack on Iraq in which several civilians were killed, including two Reuters employees.

Manning, according to Wired, had been sifting through military networks for months when he discovered the Iraq video in late 2009. Wikileaks later released it under the title, "Collateral Murder."

"Justice was what this U.S. soldier did by uncovering this crime against humanity," Nabil Noor-Eldeen, whose brother, Namir, was killed in the strike, said Monday. "The American military should reward him, not arrest him."

A spokesman for Wikileaks declined to say whether Manning had been a source, and said the online organization was launching its own review into whether U.S. prosecutors had broken laws in their leaks investigation.

The spokesman, Daniel Schmitt, said Wikileaks typically does not know the identities of the people who send documents and photos to the Web site. But he said the organization maintains that it is illegal to prosecute someone for trying to expose government corruption or injustice. Schmitt said Wikileaks' legal advisers are specifically reviewing whether an arrest of a whistleblower violates laws in Sweden and Belgium, two countries in which the site operates.

"We believe the person behind the leak, whoever it is, is protected by law," Schmitt said. The organization recently launched a $600,000 fund-raising drive, in part to raise money to defend leakers who run afoul of their government's laws, he said.

Manning was stationed at Forward Operating base Hammer, 40 miles east of Baghdad, where he was arrested about two weeks ago, according to Wired.

He told Lamo, who shared chat logs with Wired, that he also leaked three other items to Wikileaks: a video depicting a 2009 airstrike in Afghanistan that Wikileaks had acknowledged it had in its possession; a classified Army document evaluating Wikileaks as a security threat; and a previously unreported breach of 260,000 classified U.S. diplomatic cables. According to Wired, Manning described the cables as exposing "almost criminal political back dealings."

Lamo told Wired he "agonized" over the decision to turn in Manning, but the diplomatic cable breach, if true, made him believe Manning's actions truly threatened national security.

In 2003, Lamo gained notoriety after he infiltrated the New York Times' computer system and, among other things, altered a database containing personal information for more than 3,000 contributors to the paper's op-ed page. He later pled guilty to a single count of computer damage.

Staff writers Joby Warrick in Washington and Leila Fadel in Baghdad and special correspondent Jinan Hussein in Baghdad contributed to this report.


위키리크스2010.06.07 10:16
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미국 건국이래 최대규모의 비밀정보 유출사건이 발생한 가운데 유출정보를 받은 것으로 알려진 이른바 휘슬블로우 사이트인
위키리크 [http://www.wikileaks.org]가 한국시간 6월 7일 오후 11시 10분현재 다운상태입니다
위키리크는 전세계 여러곳에 서버를 두고 비밀문서등을 제공받아 공개하는 비영리단체입니다만 이번에 위키리크의 딥트로트로 알려진 미군 정보요원인 브래들리 매닝이 체포됨에 따라 정보입수의 합법성등을 둘러싸고 논란에 휩싸일 것으로 보입니다
위키리크는 웹사이트가 다운될 경우 트위터로 소식을 전할 것이라고 알리고 있습니다