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분류없음2013.02.07 10:20
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이란

 

http://youtu.be/K8BypmyQNlY
위키리크스2011.06.10 15:21
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북한과 함께 이른바 '깡패국가'로 지목된 이란이 현대기아와 중국내 한국인 운영기업을 통해 핵무기와 미사일개발에 필요한 장비와 재료등을 입수하려 했던 것으로 위키리크스가 공개한 미국무부 비밀전문을 통해 드러났습니다

특히 이란은 현대기아의 초정밀공작기계에 큰 애착을 보여 두차례이상 수입회사를 바꿔가며 이 장비를 입수하려 했으나 한국과 미국의 공조로 결국 좌절된 것으로 확인됐습니다

[*아마도 미국무부등은 현대차 계열사인 현대위아[hyundai wia]를 현대기아로 착각해 hyundai - kia로 표기한 것으로 추정됩니다]

지난 2009년 5월 15일자 미국무부가 주한미국대사관에 보낸 비밀전문에 따르면 이란의 알다란사[ARDALAN MACHINERIES COMPANY]가 제휴업체인 터키소재 아크 마키나[AK MAKINA]사를 내세워 현대기아가 생산한 초정밀공작기계[컴퓨터수치제어공작기계 CNC MACHINE,computer numerically controlled (CNC) machine ]을 입수하려 하기 주한미국대사관은 한국과 협조해 즉각 조치를 취하라고 지시했습니다 

이 전문에 따르면 현대기아의 초정밀공작기계 우회수입을 추진한 알다란사는 이란의 액체연로탄도미사일개발업체인 사히드 헤맷그룹[SHIG]의 제휴회사이므로 이 품목이 수출통제품목이 아니더라도 이를 막아야 한다는 입장을 담고 있습니다 

이 전문은 미국이  2009년 3월 한국측에 이같은 사실을 통보했으나 2009년 4월 한국정부가 초정밀공작기계가 수출통제품목이 아닐뿐더러 현대기아나 아크 마키나사 역시 요주의 대상에 포함된 회사가 아니므로 특별한 조치를 취하기 힘들다는 입장을 통보함에 따라 다시 이 전문을 보내 주한미국대사관에 대책마련을 지시한 것이라고 덧붙였습니다 

이 전문은 한국정부와 협의할때 구체적 설득논리도 제시했으며 이 내용은 문서로 전하지 말라고 지시하기도 했습니다

이 전문에는 한국정부의 조치사항이 나타나있지 않지만 다른 전문에 따르면 한국정부가 이 거래를 승인하지 않아 이란의 현대기아 초정밀공작기계수입은 결국 좌절됐습니다

이 이후 이란은 또 다른 회사를 통해 현대기아의 초정밀공작기계 입수를 추진했고 이같은 시도도 미국정부에 포착됐습니다

미국무부는 같은해인 2009년 12월 3일 다시 주한미국대사관에 비밀전문을 통해 2009년 10월 이란의 사지 타브리즈사가 현대기아의 초정밀공작기계 입수를 시도하고 있다며 즉각 조치를 지시했습니다

이 전문은 올해초에도 이란이 터키회사를 통해 현대기아 초정밀공작기계 입수를 추진했으나 한국정부가 거래를 승인하지 않았다며 한국정부의 조치에 감사한다고 밝힌뒤 이번에도 한국정부와 협조, 정밀 조사하라며 역시 세부적 설득논리를 제시하고 있습니다

또 지난해 2월 22일 미국무부 비밀전문에 따르면 이란의 고체연료탄도미사일 개발업체인 샤히드 바케리사가 한국인이 운영하는 중국회사 윤네트웍스상하이사로 부터 탄소섬유[CARBON FIBER] 5톤을 입수하려 한다는 정보를 2009년 12월 입수했다며
주한미국대사관은 주재국정부에 설득논리를 전달하는 조치를 취하라고 요청했습니다 

이 전문은 탄소섬유가 고체연료탄도미사일의 로켓 노즐과 모터 케이스등에 사용되는 물질이라고 덧붙였습니다 

이 3개 전문은 모두 비밀보호기간이 25년으로 2034년 이후에 공개되도록 비밀지정돼 있던 전문입니다

위키리크스는 이외에도 지난해 5월 12일 주한미국대사관등 각국 대사관에 북한의 대포동 미사일 발사와 관련한 해외주재 각 공관의 조치사항을 지시한 전문[비밀보호 10년]등도 함께 공개했습니다 

이날짜 전문에는 주한미국대사관은 서울에 지점을 둔 이란 멜라트은행에 대한 제재, 홍콩일렉트로닉사가 북한 탄천상업은행의 위장자회사[FRONT COMPANY]라는 내용과 함께 이를 한국정부에 알리고 조치를 취하라는 내용등 각 공관에 지시하는 세부사항이 담겨 있습니다


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Yono Class / Ghadir Class Midget Submarine

In 2005 Iran announced it would start production of its first indigenous submarine. Iran on 11 May 2005 officially launched the production of its first locally built submarine, a craft capable of operating stealthily, state-run television reported. Defence Ministry spokesman Mohammad Imani was quoted as saying "the enemy would not be able to detect the submarine." He did not elaborate. One submarine had already been built and was shown on television, cruising at sea level. The Defence Ministry had commissioned an unspecified number of the craft that’s been dubbed "Ghadir."

The hull was launched in 2006. In 2007 the Iranian navy unveiled a submarine, named the Qadir (also written Ghadir), first of a number of planned midget submarines of the Yono class. Some observers suggested that the Qadir was otherwise similar to the North Korean Yugo boats, leading observers to suggest that this was an Iranian design based heavy on that class. But the Ghadir was 50% longer than the Yugo, and in fact resembled the North Korean Sang-O Class coastal submarines.

Iranian authorities asserted that the Qadir was an entirely Iranian design, and that the vessel could launch anti-ship missiles. Such a capability would have required the installation of more advanced systems into the submarine or the operation in concert with other vessels capable of guiding any such missiles. The Qadir does have provisions for mounting a Swimmer Delivery Vehicle (SDV), a type of craft that Iran has also developed.

Iran described the Ghadir as a "light" submarine, meaning it is smaller than the attack subs used by the United States. Iran has provided very little information about the craft, including its dimensions or the size of its crew.

The Shi’a celebrate the Eid al-Ghadir on 18 Dhu al-Hijja in the Islamic calendar, the day when Prophet Muhammad appointed Ali for the caliphate. Ghadir is a site in the Arabian Peninsula holy to Shias, the overwhelming majority of Iran’s 69 million people. On 18th Zilhajjah of the year 10 A.H. (10 March 632 CE), after completing the last pilgrimage the Holy Prophet(S.A.W.) along with the Muslims set out of Makkah. On their way back the Muslims reached a place called Ghadir-e-khumm. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said: "He (Ali) is the mawla (i.e., has prior right to and superior authority over the lives) of all those of whom I am mawla. O Allah, love him who loves him (Ali) and hate him who hates him." The "day of Ghadeer" is particularly specified for helping deserving people."

The submarine, which is capable of operating in the Persian Gulf and Oman seawaters, can launch both missiles and torpedoes at the same time, the television reported, without specifying the range of the projectiles. In December 2004, Iran announced the production of a line of stealth torpedoes that could be launched from helicopters, ships or submarines. Iranian officials have repeatedly said the Islamic Republic will defend itself should the United States or archrival Israel initiate any aggression. Pressure has mounted on Iran recently with suspicion over its nuclear program which Washington suspects is aimed at building unconventional weapons, a charge Iranian officials vehemently deny.

In November 2007 Iran claimed to have built a small submarine equipped with sonar-evading technology, saying the craft had been launched in the Persian Gulf. The navy chief, Adm. Habibollah Sayyari, was quoted by state television as saying the new Ghadir-class submarine is the second Iranian-built underwater craft outfitted with "state-of-the-art electronic equipment." He said it took 10 years to build.

Iran's Naval Submarine fleet will be equipped with a new domestically manufactured submarine, the senior Iranian navy commander said in August 2008. Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari said that Iranian technicians have used indigenous technology to build the new submarine. He did not specify the class of the new submarine. Iran's Navy currently operates Ghadir and Nahang (meaning whale in Persian) submarines. According to Rear Adm. Sayyari, the Ghadir submarine is equipped with the latest military and technological equipments.

On 26 November 2008 the Commander of the Islamic Republic Army's Navy Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari said that in next 15 days another Ghadir class submarine would be delivered to the Navy. Sayyari told reporters after touring IRNA head office that the submarine has been designed and built by Marine Industries Organization. He said moreover, a light submarine will join the Navy's fleet on the Navy Day. He added that once the submarines join the Navy, its deterrent power deep inside the sea will increase dramatically. This would mark possibly the fouth submarine in this class.

Reportedly being mass produced [reportedly at a cost of $18 million each], the first of this class, Ghadir, has been paraded for the press. Although generally described as a mini-submarine, it is rather larger that Iran's other mini-subs. The Ghadir, with an estimated displacement estimated at between 120 tons and 500 tons, is probably better described as a littoral submarine, similar in concept to the Italian Sauro class though significantly smaller. Photographs indicate it has a pair of bow torpedo tubes which appear to be 21” allowing them to fire typical heavyweight torpedoes. It could thus serve as a launch platform for the infamous Shkval rocket torpedo, which has been transfered to Iran.