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CURRENT ISSUE2009.11.17 17:08

What is NoDPI?

NoDPI is a grass roots campaign of netizens opposed to the illegal use of Deep Packet Inspection equipment by Internet Service Providers. We’re volunteers. We have members from the Americas, Asia, Australasia, but primarily the UK.

Our members include privacy campaigners, technologists, network engineers, and ordinary net users.

What is Deep Packet Inspection?

Deep Packet Inspection refers to the use of network equipment to intercept and modify, examine, restrict, or copy the content of data communications.

With ever increasing computer performance, it has now become possible to process communications ‘on the fly’.

Why are you concerned?

DPI equipment can compromise the privacy, security, and integrity of telecommunications. It can be used to undermine network neutrality. And it can be used for censorship.

Used for legitimate warranted surveillance, it can be a vital tool in crime detection.

However, when used for commercial surveillance, it can be used to violate private communication. Internet users can be profiled using the entirety of their communications, and then presented targeted advertising and content. In effect this amounts to mass personal surveillance, industrial espionage, high volume copyright theft, and trademark infringement.

When used for ‘network management’, DPI can be used to unfairly prioritise communication traffic. This automates anti-competitive bias in the operation of the network. DPI can be used to favour a particular service or service provider. For example, many telecos will prioritise their own IPTV service, but cap users who would otherwise prefer alternative third party providers. Or it can also be used to obstruct legitimate use of peer to peer protocols. This undermines the principle of network neutrality.

DPI can also be used for censorship. For example, in the UK, mobile broadband connections are filtered to restrict content (which is perfectly legal) but deemed ‘unsuitable for children’. Similarly, Australia has attempted to implement a regime of filtering. Censorship of this nature can be used to suppress information about war, crime, sex, sexual orientation, religion, health, and controversial politics (all of which might be considered unsuitable topics for childrens eyes). Yet this censorship is operating on an ‘opt out’ basis, and the list of sites that are ‘prohibited’ is unpublished.

The key issue is trust: communication services that are free from illegal monitoring, hidden restrictions, and secret censorship.

Is DPI operating in my country?

We are aware of covert trials of DPI marketing systems that have taken place in the USA, UK and Korea.

Many ISPs presently operate DPI throttling/capping policies, typically those with flat rate access particularly those that offer their own IPTV (such as Virgin Media and BT in the UK).

Communication censorship is being practised in the UK, Australia, China, and Saudi Arabia.

Who is doing this?

Of the marketing systems using DPI surveillance, Phorm and Nebuad are perhaps most well known. Others include KindSight, Experian Hitwise, FrontPorch, Adzilla.

In the UK, BT, VirginMedia, and TalkTalk are Phorm partners. In Korea, Korea Telecom are Phorm partners.

In the UK censorship is being applied by mobile broadband companies like O2, T-Mobile, Virgin Mobile, Orange, Vodafone. In Australia internet service providers like Telstra, iiNet, and Internode are compelled to censor.

Isn’t DPI Surveillance by Telecom Companies Illegal?

The Foundation for Information Policy Research have published a couple of legal opinion documents which address the legality of commercial surveillance in the UK.

In their first legal analysis they state that the use of DPI for marketing violates section 1 of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000, section 1 of the Fraud Act 2006, unlawful processing of sensitive personal data contrary to the Data Protection Act 1998, and civil wrongs.

In a second report, they state the view that use of private communication traffic will infringe the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

Other applicable legislation includes the Computer Misuse Act 1990, Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003, Trademark Act 1994.

And the European Convention on Human Rights, Article 8.

Yet despite all of this legislation, no UK regulator has yet acted.

Why so much focus on Phorm?

Phorm is the most high profile, and perhaps the most controversial example of DPI surveillance for marketing.

Phorm was trialled in the UK by BT Internet in 2006, 2007, and 2008. The trials were conducted without the knowledge or consent of tens of thousands of BT internet users, or the web sites that they communicated with. We commenced a private prosecution against BT Internet in October 2008.

Phorm previously traded as 121Media. During this time, they used desktop spyware to monitor users. Their software, ContextPlus/Apropos/PeopleonPage, was categorised by respected anti-virus companies like Symantec as ‘high risk spyware’ and rookits.

Where can I find more information about Phorm?

A good starting place for introductory information about Phorm is DoNotTrustWebwise.org or the InphormationDesk.org.

We have a sister site, badphorm.co.uk.

For a legal viewpoint try IsWebwiseLegal.co.uk.

And for video, audio, and other multimedia resources try Dephormation’s multimedia page.

You might also wish to read Sir Tim Berners Lee’s notes here.

What about Googe/Yahoo/DoubleClick, aren’t they bad too?

NoDPI is primarily concerned with protecting the privacy/security/integrity of telecommunications from Deep Packet Inspection systems.

Google, Yahoo, and DoubleClick don’t use Deep Packet Inspection equipment to obtain data.

That’s not to suggest we endorse what they do, but we don’t consider them in the scope of our campaign.

I want to help, but what can I do?

Write letters, and lots of them. Experience tells us writing emails isn’t very productive. If you need help writing your first letter to an MP, try the Dephormation letter wizard.

Please contribute funds, we need funding to get volunteers to conferences and protests, and print promotional information.

Join in… we’re all volunteers so every pair of hands helps.

Above all, please, spread the word about DPI. Governments, media organisations, and internet service providers are not keen to shine a light on this topic.

Word of mouth is a vital communication channel.

Are you opposed to advertising?


Advertising is a vital and popular source of funding for some web sites.

However, we believe using DPI to support marketing systems is an obscene personal intrusion, and a threat to the privacy/security/integrity of all communications.

(Bear in mind, like any other business, advertising professionals require privacy/security/data integrity when they communicate with customers and suppliers).

CURRENT ISSUE2009.11.17 16:58

패킷감청,DEEP PACKET INSPECTION 이른바 DPI 에 대한 관심이 커지고 있는 가운데
KT[구 한국통신]이 영국의 패킷감청업체와 함께 자사 인터넷 가입자를 상대로
패킷 감청을 시도했다는 의혹이 일고 있습니다

한국의 대표적인 공기업이 패킷 감청을 시도했다는 점에서 적지 않은 파장이 우려되며
특히 KT 인터넷 가입자들의 강한 반발과 무더기 소송사태가 우려됩니다

영국의 패킷감청 전문업체 PHORM 사[http://www.phorm.com]는 자체 홈페이지에서
지난 3월 KT 와 제휴협정을 체결하고 한국에 합작회사를 설립했으며
한국통신 인터넷 이용자 10만가구에서 15만가구를 대상으로
패킷 감청을 통한 광고소프트웨어 테스트를 실시한다고 발표했습니다 [인터넷 참조http://www.phorm.com/consumers/faq.html]

특히 이 테스트는 영국을 제외하고는 한국에서만 실시된 것으로 알려졌습니다

PHORM사는 NEBUAD와 함께 대표적인 패킷감청업체로 '네티즌의 인터넷 이용형태를 분석,
타케팅광고를 한다'는 슬로건을 내걸고 있지만 '인터넷 이용형태 분석'이 바로
패킷 감청으로 사생활 침해 우려가 높다는 것이 일반적 분석입니다

일반적으로 ISP업체는 PHORM사에 IP주소를 제공하고 일정액의 대가를 받는다고 합니다

PHORM사는 지난 3월 30일 KT와 합작회사를 설립해 전 SK텔레콤 간부를 사장으로 임명했으며
한국에서 대대적인 테스트를 실시한다는 보도자료를 배포했습니다 [첨부파일 참조]

또 이 보도자료는 세계 유수의 IT관련 보도매체에 대대적으로 보도됐습니다 [인터넷 참조 http://www.bnet.com/2448-14061_23-283382.html 등등]

특히 KT측은 지난 5월 20일 'PHORM사와 함께 혁신적인 기술을 한국에 도입하게 된 것을
기쁘게 생각한다' 고 말하기도 했습니다 [첨부파일 참조]
[TJ Kang, Executive Vice President of KT said: 'KT is pleased to be working with Phorm in Korea to introduce this groundbreaking technology.' http://www.investegate.co.uk/Article.aspx?id=200905210700176262S]

PHORM 사는 지난해 4월 영국내에서 만여가구를 대상으로 패킷감청을 기반으로 한 새 광고
소프트웨어 시범서비스를 시작했다 영국 시민단체들로 부터 강한 반발을 사기도 했습니다

또 지난해 7월 21일 유럽연합집행위원회는 영국정부에 네티즌을 완벽하게 감시하는
사생활침해라며 경고를 하기도 했습니다

이처럼 영국은 물론 유럽등에서 강한 반발을 사고 있는 패킷 감청을 기반으로 한 타켓광고
소프트웨어를 한국의 대표적인 공기업 KT가 도입했다는 것은 큰 충격으로 받아들여지고 있습니다

앞으로 KT가 시범서비스를 실시한 10만에서 15만가구가 구체적으로 누구인지 드러날 경우
이들의 항의는 물론 사생활 침해 소송이 잇따를 것으로 보입니다


Korean_Market_Trial_30-Mar-09 -
Korean_Market_Trial_21-May-09 - 폼웹사이트 KT관련부분 요약

Which ISPs have partnered with Phorm to launch the OIX, Webwise and QookSmartweb?

Virgin Media in the UK believes interest based advertising has potentially important benefits for consumers, ISPs and website owners. The company is reviewing potential opportunities with suppliers including Phorm prior to making any commitment to launch any of these technologies.

In Korea - one of the most advanced internet markets in the world - KT, which represents 44% of the Korean broadband market, is engaged in a market trial of Phorm’s technologies.

Who are KT?

KT is Korea's leading telecoms company, providing users with a triple play offering of broadband as well as fixed and mobile telephony. It has a market share of 44%. 

Are you in discussions with other Korean ISPs?

Phorm is in discussions with a large number of ISPs around the world. 

Do you have an established presence in Korea already?

Yes we have set up an office and have a team operating in Korea - we have also announced the appointment of Daniel Park who is chief executive officer of Phorm Korea. 

Do you have a presence in any other Asian market?

Outside of the UK, US and Korea we have set up exploratory presences in a number of markets where we see the most potential for our technology.

TELECOMASIA.NET 2009년 7월 9일자 기사

Phorm signed its largest international deal in March with KT Telecom rolling out the platform to an estimated at 100,000 to
150,000 households




Tags: U.K., Trial, Phorm, Telecommunications, Editorial...

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2009-03-30 16:00:54.0

London-based startup Phorm is trialling its behavioural targeting technology with South Korean broadband provider KT. The company claims its technology can link online advertising, media and content to users’ interests without compromising privacy.

The deal is Phorm’s first outside the UK. Phorm’s service is currently on trial with 10,000 BT customers in the UK.

CURRENT ISSUE2009.11.16 19:17
국가정보원이 패킷감청장비 31대를 보유하고 있는 것으로 밝혀진 가운데
최근 미국에서는 이 장비를 이란에 판매했는지 여부를 두고 논란이 일었습니다

독일 SIEMENS 와 핀란드 NOKIA의 조인트 벤처인 NOKIA SIEMENS 장비가
가장 우수한 것으로 알려지고 있습니다

미국 연방의회에서는 이 장비를 이란에 팔아서는 안된다는 청원이 계속되는 가 하면
이미 이 장비가 이란에 팔렸다는 보도도 계속되고 있습니다

노키아는 2천년부터 2천8년까지 미국정부에 이 장비를 약 천만달러정도 납품했고
지멘스는 약 2천개 정부기관과 계약을 맺었으며 올해에만 2억5천만달러를 미국정부로 부터 벌어들였다고 합니다 

또 노키아 지멘스는  현재 5백만달러의 미국정부 계약물량이 남아있다고 합니다 
아마도 우리정부도 이 장비를 구입하지 않았을까 생각됩니다

손바닥보듯 모든 게 환히 드러난 세상입니다

아래는 지난 6월 30일 미국 시민단체들이 연방의회에 이란에 이 장비를 팔지 말라고 촉구한 서한입니다

OIC_DPI_Iran_062909 -